Arrival of Cassini spacecraft at Saturn what moon did NASA want to map

NASA - Cassini Spacecraft Arrives at Satur

  1. The international Cassini-Huygens mission has successfully entered orbit around Saturn. At 9:12 p.m. PDT on Wednesday, flight controllers received confirmation that Cassini had completed the engine burn needed to place the spacecraft into the correct orbit. This begins a four-year study of the giant planet, its majestic rings and 31 known moons
  2. Cassini will explore Saturn, its rings and moons for four years. The Huygens probe, designed and developed for the European Space Agency (ESA), will be deployed from the orbiter to study the clouds, atmosphere and surface of Saturn's largest moon, Titan. The orbiter was designed and assembled at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California
  3. Cassini's journey began in 1997, and it reached Saturn in 2004. It completed its first mission in four years, and in 2008, the spacecraft extended its coverage of the planet with the two-year.
  4. Mission Overview. The Cassini-Huygens Saturn Orbiter and Titan Probe was launched in 1997 and arrived at Saturn in 2004. The mission completed operations on September 15, 2017. At Saturn, Cassini released the Huygens probe toward the planet's gas-shrouded moon Titan. Huygens touched down on the moon on January 14, 2005, and became the first.

The Cassini-Huygens space-research mission (/ k ə ˈ s iː n i ˈ h ɔɪ ɡ ən z / kə-SEE-nee HOY-gənz), commonly called Cassini, involved a collaboration among NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a space probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.The Flagship-class robotic spacecraft comprised. A thrilling epoch in the exploration of our solar system came to a close today, as NASA's Cassini spacecraft made a fateful plunge into the atmosphere of Saturn, ending its 13-year tour of the ringed planet. This is the final chapter of an amazing mission, but it's also a new beginning, said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters.

Arrival of Cassini Spacecraft at Saturn How long did it take Cassini to reach Saturn? What moon did NASA want to map? Date: _____ First Untethered Spacewalk Name of the first astronaut to be untethered in space: What did he wear? Date: _____ Hubble Space TeloscopeDeployed How heavy is the Hubble Teloscope? (1 ton = 2000 pounds!) What flaw did. The NASA-ESA Cassini spacecraft is en route to Saturn now, due to arrive in July. Cassini will orbit for four years, studying Saturn's rings, weather and magnetic field. Cassini will also drop a probe named Huygens through the thick orange clouds of Titan to discover what lies beneath. Titan is one of the most mysterious worlds in the solar system A joint endeavor of NASA, the European Space Agency, or ESA, and the Italian Space Agency, Cassini launched in 1997 along with ESA's Huygens probe. The spacecraft contributed to studies of Jupiter for six months in 2000 before reaching its destination, Saturn, in 2004 and starting a string of flybys of Saturn's moons Took 7 years for Cassini to reach Saturn What moon did NASA want to map? NASA wanted to map the moon Titan February 7, 1984 Date: _____ First Untethered Spacewalk April 25, 1990 Date: _____ Hubble Space Teloscope Deployed Name of the first astronaut to be untethered in space: Bruce McCandeles January 3, 2004 Spirit Rover Landing on Mars How. The Moon as Seen from Cassini. Image Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute. Published: October 4, 2017. This image was taken on Aug. 17, 1999 by NASA's Cassini spacecraft as it passed by the Moon during an Earth flyby while Cassini was en route to Saturn. ENLARGE

The planet Saturn is seen in the first color composite made of images taken by NASA's Cassini spacecraft on its approach to the ringed planet, October 21, 2002. The probe's arrival is still 20. The spacecraft was launched in 1997 but did not arrive at the ringed planet until 12 years ago. Describing the mission, Julie Webster, NASA's operations chief of Cassini said: To keep the. In the 12 years since, Cassini has made 251 one orbits of Saturn, sweeping over its cloudtops, barnstorming its moons, even firing a probe into the atmosphere of the largest of those moons, Titan. Nasa scientists are preparing to kill off the Cassini space probe with a spectacular suicidal dive into Saturn's atmosphere on Friday. The 22ft robot craft will break into fragments and burn up as it ploughs into the ringed planet's cloud tops, ending a 20-year mission that cost £2.9 billion. Cassini was launched in 1997 and took seven.

All were taken when Cassini was about 394,000 miles (634,000 kilometers) from Saturn, NASA officials said. The spacecraft burned up in a patch of Saturn sky at 9.4 degrees north latitude and 53. Researchers previously used Cassini data to build a map of the temperature and density of Saturn's upper atmosphere, which was not well known before the spacecraft arrived at the planet in 2004

Saturn's icy moon Dione, with giant Saturn and its rings in the background, was captured in this mosaic of images just prior the Cassini spacecraft's final close approach to the moon on August 17. Saturn is far away and difficult to get to; you can't just fly directly at it. After launch in 1997, Cassini-Huygens performed gravity assist maneuvers at Venus in April 1998 and June 1999, Earth in August 1999, and then Jupiter in December 2000. Each gravity-assist gave the spacecraft an extra kick of velocity, so it could reach Saturn in just under 7 years of flight time

NASA's Cassini spacecraft stared at Saturn for nearly 44 hours on April 25­ to 27, 2016, to obtain this video showing just over four Saturn days. Starting in November Cassini will begin its. On September 15, 2017, the Cassini spacecraft will dive into Saturn, ending a 13-year tour of the ringed planet and its strange moons. Cassini arrived at Saturn in 2004, after a seven-year journey.

Cassini Spacecraft Arrives at Saturn - NASA Solar System

Cassini Arrival NASA Solar System Exploratio

  1. Despite two Titan flybys by NASA's Voyager probes in 1980 and 1981, we knew little about the moon's surface until the Cassini spacecraft arrived to orbit Saturn between 2005 and 2017. This is.
  2. NARRATOR: Seven years later, Cassini arrives at Saturn, and the team gets ready to explore one of the most intriguing objects in the solar system, Saturn's largest moon, Titan
  3. Christa McAuliffe What moon did NASA want to map? Moon enceladus Date: February 1984 first Untethered Spacewalk Date: April 25, 1990 Hubble Space Telescope Deployed January 3, 2004 Spirit Rover Landing on Mars Name of the first astronaut to be untethered in space: Bruce Mccandless 2 How heavy is the Hubble Telescope? (1 ton = 2000 pounds!
  4. The next day to Cassini's transformation in a myth, I took the telescope to watch Saturn as a homage to it. The planet was there, girdled with its rings, and of its moons just Titan was visible. Very different to what it was before Cassini's arrival but at the same time it had not changed at all, alone again
  5. The water worlds in the moons of Saturn spacecraft's most astonishing discovery in 2005 indicated that Enceladus and Titan Saturn moons may be habitable to aliens. The probe detected jets of water shooting out of Saturn's moon Enceladus. It later.
  6. I marvelled at the science Cassini did: the discovery of seven new moons, the mapping of Saturn's rings, the discovery of methane oceans on Titan and the shocking discovery of water geysers on.
  7. Space.com is where humanity's journey to new and exciting worlds is transmitted back down to Earth. Where we vicariously explore the cosmos with astronauts, astrophysicists and enthusiasts. Here.

Video: NASA's Cassini Mission to Saturn: By the Numbers Spac

Cassini-Huygens Missions Astrobiolog

The US$3.2-billion US-European spacecraft is set to arrive at Saturn on 1 July to begin a four-year, 74-orbit tour of the giant gas planet, its rings and its moons Cassini was launched in 1997 and arrived at Saturn in 2004. Last year, the spacecraft received a seven-year mission extension that will keep it operational through 2017. Follow SPACE.com for the latest in space science and exploration news on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook. The Rings and Moons of Saturn Cassini didn't stop at Saturn, either: The spacecraft pierced the thick smog of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, to discover lakes of methane and ethane, the only liquid known to exist on a planet.

Cassini-Huygens - Wikipedi

When NASA's Cassini spacecraft arrived at Saturn in 2004, it did in fact show that Titan is speckled with lakes and seas — although the liquid is ethane and methane, rather than water August 12, 2004. C assini bagged its first major discovery just one month into the start of the spacecraft's 4-year-long exploration of Saturn and its moons. NASA scientists announced last week. The spacecraft arrived to Saturn in 2004, marking the start of its historic 13-year mission studying the planet and its moons. In March 2013 Cassini made the last flyby of Saturn's moon Rhea. Cassini captured the ultraviolet glow from Saturn's aurora one day before the spacecraft crashed into the planet. The north pole lies at the center of this image, while the bottom faces the Sun Cassini departed Earth in 1997 and arrived at the solar system's second-largest planet in 2004. The European Huygens landed on Saturn's big moon Titan in 2005. Nothing from Earth has landed farther. NASA's Cassini spacecraft disintegrated in the skies above Saturn early on September 15 in a final, fateful blaze of cosmic glory, following

Copy link. After nearly 13 years in orbit around Saturn and almost two decades in space NASA's Cassini spacecraft has ended its mission with a spectacular dive into the planet's atmosphere. NASA launched Cassini toward Saturn in 1997. The probe arrived in 2004 and has studied the planet, its rings of ice and dust, and its collection of mysterious moons ever since She joined the Cassini project in 1990, and since the spacecraft's arrival at Saturn in 2004 she's become the earthbound caretaker of Saturn's moon Titan

Image copyright NASA/JPL-Caltech/SSI Image caption Cassini has been trying to weigh the rings . The spectacular rings of Saturn may be relatively young, perhaps just 100 million years or so old. This is the early interpretation of data gathered by the Cassini spacecraft on its final orbits of the giant world Despite two Titan flybys by NASA's Voyager probes in 1980 and 1981, we knew little about the moon's surface until the Cassini spacecraft arrived to orbit Saturn between 2005 and 2017. This is because sunlight causes the molecules of methane high in Titan's atmosphere to link into larger molecules , making a high-altitude smog that the.

  1. Until Cassini, only three spacecraft had ventured into Saturn's neighbourhood: NASA's Pioneer 11 in 1979 and Voyager 1 and 2 in the early 1980s. Those were just flybys, though, and offered.
  2. The Solar System Simulator is a graphical engine which will produce simulated views of any body in the solar system from any point in space
  3. Since its arrival at Saturn in 2004, Cassini has traveled more than 3 billion kilometers in more than 200 orbits around Saturn. It has flown by Titan more than 100 times and the icy ocean moon.
  4. APOD: 2004 November 29 - Saturn's Moon Tethys from Cassini. Explanation: Tethys is one of the larger and closer moons of Saturn. The Cassini spacecraft now orbiting Saturn passed near the frozen moon at the end of October, capturing the most detailed images since the Voyager spacecrafts in the early 1980s
  5. NASA's Cassini spacecraft has begun its first historic dive between Saturn and its rings. Travelling at more than 110,000 kilometres per hour, Cassini was due to travel through the gap at 7:00pm.

A Gathering of Planets: Part II Science Mission Directorat

In the past spacecraft have taken greatly different amounts of time to make it to Saturn. Pioneer 11 took six and a half years to arrive. Voyager 1 took three years and two months, Voyager 2 took. The actual last image Cassini took of Saturn before its final plunge. This was taken on September 14, 2017 when the spacecraft was 634,000 kilometers above the cloud tops. Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute. That monochrome shot was taken on September 14, 2017, less than a day before Cassini burned up

Cassini-Huygens - Saturn Missions - NASA Jet Propulsion

  1. The Cassini spacecraft has studied Saturn for 12 years, and the probe has just one more year to go before its final dive into the planet itself. To celebrate the spacecraft's last year, Cassini's research team released an amazing new video tracking the ringed planet's atmosphere over the course of four Saturn days, or 44 hours. Cassini first arrived in Saturn's system in 2004, and beginning.
  2. July 2013 : The wide-angle camera on NASA's Cassini spacecraft has captured Saturn's rings and planet Earth and its moon in the same frame. NASA/JPL-Caltech/ August 2013: Saturn and one if its.
  3. After that Cassini will say goodbye to the little moon and enter the final act of its mission. It'll visit some of Saturn's ring moons and take a close look at the rings themselves. Then in April 2017 the spacecraft will dive through the 1,200-mile gap between the innermost ring and the top of Saturn's atmosphere
  4. Dawn launched in 2007 on a journey that put about 4.3 billion miles (6.9 billion kilometers) on its odometer. Propelled by ion engines, the spacecraft achieved many firsts until its extended mission concluded on Oct. 31, 2018. In 2011, when Dawn arrived at Vesta, the second-largest world in the main asteroid belt, the spacecraft became the.
  5. This July 23, 2008 image made available by NASA shows the planet Saturn, as seen from the Cassini spacecraft. After a 20-year voyage, Cassini is poised to dive into Saturn on Friday, Sept. 15, 2016
  6. Cassini: A space probe sent by NASA to explore the planet Saturn. Cassini was launched from Earth in 1997. It reached Saturn in late 2004. The craft included a variety of instruments meant to study Saturn's moons, rings, magnetic field and atmosphere. colleague: Someone who works with another; a co-worker or team member

NASA is set to end the Cassini spacecraft program by crashing it into Saturn on Friday, Sept. 15. one of Saturn's many moons, while Cassini continued a 13-year orbit mission around Saturn. Until Cassini, only three spacecraft had ventured into Saturn's neighborhood: NASA's Pioneer 11 in 1979 and Voyager 1 and 2 in the early 1980s. Those were just flybys, though, and offered. On July 1, 2004, the spacecraft arrived at Saturn, where Cassini shifted most of its focus to the moon Titan. Scientists hope that Titan will provide them with a window into the Earth's past Phoebe was the first target encountered upon the arrival of the Cassini spacecraft in the Saturn system in 2004, and is thus unusually well-studied for an irregular satellite of its size. Cassini's trajectory to Saturn and time of arrival were specifically chosen to permit this flyby Saturn Educator Guide. Successfully launched at 4:43 EDT on the morning of October 15, 1997, NASA's Cassini Mission to Saturn, is the most ambitious deep space mission ever. The Saturn Educator Guide enables this extraordinary mission to become a real-world motivational context for learning standards-based science in grades 5-8

On September 15, 2017, NASA's Cassini spacecraft will intentionally plunge into Saturn, preventing a future, accidental collision with the potentially habitable moons Enceladus and Titan. Cassini has been at Saturn for 13 years. After it is gone, Juno, which is orbiting Jupiter, will be the lone spacecraft exploring any of the outer four planets NASA's Cassini spacecraft, which will arrive at Saturn in July, could provide more definitive answers with radar that will better map the moon's surface and instruments that can detect what it is. Some 130 close encounters with Titan, Saturn's largest moon, were staged in such a way that Titan's gravity deflected the spacecraft towards close encounters with other moons. The most awe-inspiring legacy of the Cassini mission is its collection of almost 400,000 photos Image: Saturn's active, ocean-bearing moon Enceladus sinks behind the giant planet in a farewell portrait from NASA's Cassini spacecraft. This view of Enceladus was taken by NASA's Cassini spacecraft on Sept. 13, 2017. It is among the last images Cassini sent back. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute


This Sept. 13 image of Saturn's outer A ring, captured by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, shows the small moon Daphnis and the waves it raises in the edges of the Keeler Gap. (NASA / JPL-Caltech / SSI Until Cassini, only three spacecraft had ventured into Saturn's neighborhood: NASA's Pioneer 11 in 1979 and Voyager 1 and 2 in the early 1980s. Those were just flybys, though, and offered fleeting glances. And so Cassini and its traveling companion, the Huygens (HOY'-gens) lander, actually provided the first hard look at Saturn, its rings and. The Huygens probe proved the theory of a global ocean was incorrect, and from what the Cassini spacecraft has seen so far, the lakes of liquid hydrocarbon on Titan are mostly confined to the moon. WASHINGTON — NASA's Cassini spacecraft has provided scientists the first close-up, visible-light views of a behemoth hurricane swirling around Saturn's north pole. In high-resolution pictures and video, scientists see the hurricane's eye is about 1,250 miles (2,000 kilometers) wide—20 times larger than the average hurricane eye on Earth APOD: 2003 September 10 - Aurora Over Clouds Explanation: Aurorae usually occur high above the clouds. The auroral glow is created when fast-moving charged particles from the Earth's magnetosphere impact air molecules high in the Earth's atmosphere.An oxygen molecule, for example, will emit a green light when reacquiring an electron lost during a collision

The Moon as Seen from Cassini - Moon: NASA Scienc

NASA's Cassini spacecraft is headed toward its Sept. 15 plunge into Saturn, following a final, distant flyby of the planet's giant moon Titan. The spacecraft made its closest approach to Titan today [Sept. 11] at 12:04 p.m. PDT (3:04 p.m. EDT), at an altitude of 73,974 miles (119,049 kilometers) above the moon's surface Summary. Nasa's Cassini spacecraft was destroyed at 12:55 BST (04:55 PDT) as it plunged into Saturn's atmosphere. The plan prevented it crashing into and contaminating the moons Titan or Enceladus. (From Pioneer, First to Jupiter, Saturn and Beyond, NASA SP-446, 1980) Only by going there could the danger be properly assessed - and Pioneer was first. I was reading Dr. Carl Sagan's biography recently and found that he persuaded NASA administrators to turn one of the Voyager space probes around in order to take a last image of the solar system

NASA/JPL. But in 2005, when Cassini's Huygens lander arrived at Titan and descended to its surface, the atmospheric profile measured from its instruments did not match that derived from the 2003. NASA has stitched together 141 snapshots from its Cassini spacecraft to create a dramatic mosaic of Saturn, with Earth, Venus, and Mars appearing as tiny lights in the background Friday the 15th of September marked the end of a 20-year long journey for the spacecraft Cassini because it was purposefully crashed into the atmosphere of Saturn. It took 7 years to reach Saturn from Earth and has been exploring the system of rings and moons for the past 13 years, transmitting data back to scientists at NASA and the Europeans Space Agency Scientists have discovered methane lakes in the tropical areas of Saturn's moon Titan, one of which is about half the size of Utah's Great Salt Lake, with a depth of at least one meter. The longstanding bodies of liquid were detected by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, which has been orbiting Saturn since its arrival at the ringed planet in 2004 NASA's Cassini spacecraft captures Saturn's largest moon, Titan, passes in front of the planet and its rings. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institut

Cassini is no more.In the early hours of the morning, the long-lived spacecraft plunged into Saturn (intentionally) and broke apart, ending its 13-year run of exploring the sixth planet and it. NASA release Cassini Discovers Ring and One, Possibly Two, Objects at Saturn. Scientists examining Saturn's contorted F ring, which has baffled them since its discovery, have found one small body, possibly two, orbiting in the F ring region, and a ring of material associated with Saturn's moon Atlas.. A small object was discovered moving near the outside edge of the F ring, interior to the.

Cassini, one of Nasa's most important spacecraft, slams

Scientists say they have discovered a faint oxygen atmosphere around Saturn's icy moon Dione which is 5 trillion times less dense than the air at Earth's surface. Dione's atmosphere was detected by NASA's Cassini spacecraft, which has been orbiting Saturn since its arrival at the ringed planet in 2004 The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft arrived at the planet Saturn on July first. It flew into orbit from below the famous rings that circle the planet. Saturn's moon, Titan, is very large.

NASA breakthrough: Scientists uncover secret Saturn moons

A spacecraft is a vehicle, or machine designed to fly in outer space. Spacecraft are used for a variety of purposes, including communications, earth observation, meteorology, navigation, space colonization, planetary exploration, and transportation of humans and cargo. On a sub-orbital spaceflight, a spacecraft enters space and then returns to the surface, without having gone into an orbit. Woo hoo! NASA has just announced that once Cassini's Equinox Mission runs out in June of this year, they will extend it a further seven more years, long enough for the spacecraft to see Saturn through its solstice!! Here's a neat graphic that summarizes Cassini's entire planned tour of the Saturn system This infrared-light image, made from data obtained by the visual and infrared mapping spectrometer aboard NASA's Cassini spacecraft, shows where the probe entered Saturn's atmosphere on Sept. 15, 2017. Cassini captured the image a day earlier, when it was about 394,000 miles (634,000 kilometers) from Saturn Cassini, which arrived in the Saturn system in 2004 and ended its mission in 2017 by deliberately plunging into Saturn's atmosphere, mapped more than 620,000 square miles (1.6 million square.

Cassini at Saturn: The Spacecraft Winds Down Tim

The spinning vortex of Saturn's north polar storm is seen from Cassini spacecraft on Nov. 27, 2012. The photo released by NASA was taken from a distance of approximately 261,000 miles (420,038. The Cassini spacecraft has sent back images and data on Hyperion, on of the many moons of Saturn. Hyperion is perhaps the weirdest moon in the solar system being just 270Km across quite porous and. The spacecraft is making excellent progress in reshaping its orbit around the sun to match that of its destination, the unexplored world Vesta, with arrival now less than five months away. We have considered before the extraordinary differences between Dawn's method of entering orbit and that of planetary missions employing conventional. *Brings the story of the Cassini-Huygens mission and their joint exploration of the Saturnian system right up to date. *Combines a review of previous knowledge of Saturn, its rings and moons, including Titan, with new spacecraft results in one handy volume The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft arrived at the planet Saturn on July first. It flew into orbit from below the famous rings that circle the planet. Carefully, Cassini crossed through a large space between two of the huge rings at speeds close to eighty-seven-thousand kilometers an hour

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — After a 20-year voyage, NASA's Cassini spacecraft is poised to dive into Saturn this week to become forever one with the exquisite planet A giant of a moon appears before a giant of a planet undergoing seasonal changes in this natural color view of Titan and Saturn from NASA's Cassini spacecraft. Titan, Saturn's largest moon, measures 3,200 miles, or 5,150 kilometers, across and is larger than the planet Mercury

VIDEO: What did Nasa learn from Cassini's 20-year mission

  1. 3 of 36 4 of 36. NASA's Cassini spacecraft zoomed by Saturn's icy moon Enceladus on Oct. 14, 2015, capturing this stunning image of the moon's north pole. A companion view from the wide-angle.
  2. After traveling for nearly five years and 1.8-billion miles, NASA's Juno spacecraft made it to Jupiter on July 4 and began orbiting the planet at 8:53 p.m. Pacific time -- just one second off its.
  3. Scientists, using data from the Cassini spacecraft, have found evidence of methane rainfall on the north pole of Titan, the largest moon of Saturn
  4. Navigating a spacecraft through the heavens has been compared to sailing a ship on the open seas or driving a vehicle on a long, cross country journey. Analogies are necessary, since spacecraft.
  5. NASA is destroying its Cassini spacecraft at Saturn on Friday. Earth is now receiving the probe's final batch of photos, which will be uploaded to NASA's servers by early Friday morning
  6. NASA decided in 2010 to steer Cassini into Saturn, destroying the spacecraft to avoid plowing into the habitable moons while capturing unprecedented data on the planet's rings and atmosphere

The twin spacecraft Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were launched by NASA in separate months in the summer of 1977 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. As originally designed, the Voyagers were to conduct closeup studies of Jupiter and Saturn, Saturn's rings, and the larger moons of the two planets. › View mor When the twin spacecraft were launched, NASA was taking advantage of a rare alignment of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune that occurs once every 175 years to send probes on a Grand Tour of. The Cassini-Huygens mission (/ k ə ˈ s iː n i ˈ h ɔɪ ɡ ən z / kə-SEE-nee HOY-gənz), commonly called Cassini, was a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.The Flagship-class robotic spacecraft comprised both NASA's Cassini.

See Where the Cassini Spacecraft Crashed into Saturn

Cassini Flight Path. Cassini-Huygens was launched on 15th October 1997. It was comprised of two spacecraft - Cassini to orbit Saturn for many years studying the planet and its moons and rings, and Huygens - an atmospheric probe which successfully landed on Saturn's largest moon Titan Contact has been lost with the Cassini spacecraft after it completed a death dive into the upper atmosphere of Saturn and transmitted its final signal, according to NASA On Thursday afternoon, NASA's $3.3 billion Cassini spacecraft will capture one final image: A close-up of its eventual killer, the gas giant Saturn. Roughly 14 hours later, the spacecraft will. 1960s: Race to the Moon. Apollo 12 commander Charles Conrad Jr. examines the robotic Surveyor 3 spacecraft during his second extravehicular activity (EVA) on the Moon on 20 November 1969. Unsuccessful; flew past Moon. Successful; first U.S. Moon landing and first U.S. photo from the lunar surface Today, September 24, the NASA Cassini spacecraft will perform a new flyby maneuver around Titan, the largest moon orbiting the gas giant Saturn. This will by a high-altitude swing-by